The many forms of skiing

If you want to spend less time at the gym in winter and make your outdoor excursions last all year, you might consider learning to ski. However, with so many various forms of skiing available nowadays, it might not be easy to know where to start. In this post, we break down the many skiing records to expose you to the various techniques and gear available, so you can decide which is ideal for you.

Humans have been using skis for thousands of years, but it was only in the 18th century that skiing became a leisure sport, and by the 1930s, everyone was doing it. Today, North America alone has over 800 ski resorts that attract visitors from all over the globe, and technological advancements have made ski gear more specialized and efficient, allowing individuals of all ages and abilities to participate.

Nordic skiing is a type of skiing that involves the use of (also known as Cross Country Skiing)

Nordic skiing and cross country skiing are the same things: you use your locomotion to go across flat or steep terrain utilizing movements like striding or skating, and you frequently use your poles to drive yourself ahead. To allow for flexibility of mobility, your heel is not linked to your bindings in this skiing style. Nordic skiing is a mode of transportation and leisure activity, and it requires more effort than riding a ski lift up and down. Nordic skiing is commonly done in the wilderness, and however, there are Nordic ski resorts and regions dedicated to the sport.


Skate skiing is a Nordic skiing style in which you put your skis outwards and push off one leg before the other. Imagine yourself ice skating while wearing skis on your feet. Because, while Skate Skiing is Nordic Skiing, Nordic Skiing isn’t always skate skiing, we’ve included it as a separate category. Skate skiing is a wonderful workout that can be done anywhere Nordic skiing can be done, and there are even particular skate skiing tracks.

Touring in the Alps

Stick felt-like “skins” to the bottoms of your skis to allow you to glide one ski upward after the other without slipping backward. (Photo courtesy of Cavan Images)

These skiers, known as AT skiing for short or just Uphill Skiing or Skinning, like to earn their turns. To climb uphill, you glue felt-like “skins” to the bottoms of your skis so you can glide one ski upward after the other without sliding backward — this is a serious exercise. On the way up, link the toe end of your boot to the ski to liberate your heel and let you ascend; at the summit, the skins are removed and placed in your bag, your heel is securely clicked into your bindings, and you fly down. Alpine touring is generally used to ski slopes in the backcountry without lift access; however, some ski resorts allow skiers upward during off-peak hours.

What exactly is skiing?


Alpine skiing is a sport where skiers with fixed-heel bindings slide down snow-covered hills. It’s also known as downhill skiing; however, that term encompasses a variety of methods. Alpine skiing is distinguished from free-heel skiing, mountaineering, and nordic skiing, including cross-country, ski jumping, and telemark. Alpine skiing is popular in Europe, North America, Australia, New Zealand, the South American Andes, and East Asia. There is a mix of snow, mountain slopes, and sufficient tourism infrastructure.

Alpine skiing originated as a club sport in 1861 at Kiandra in Australia, with similar clubs springing up across North America and in the Swiss Alps. Most alpine skiing nowadays takes place at a ski resort with ski lifts that transport skiers up the mountain. Avalanches are managed, and trees are removed to make routes in the snow. Many resorts also have snowmaking equipment, which allows them to ski even when the weather isn’t cooperating. Ski touring, backcountry skiing, and extreme skiing are used to describe how alpine skiers practice their sport in less regulated situations.

Slalom, giant slalom, super giant slalom, and downhill are the four disciplines of competitive alpine skiing. Slalom ski races have small, tight-bends tracks, and giant-slalom races use courses with more widely spaced turns. Super-giant slalom and downhill have minimal arches, wide-spaced gates, and skiers who achieve speeds of 100 km/h.

What are the different types of skiing?

Recreational skiers make up the bulk of those who go skiing each year. You are a recreational skier if you like to get out, ride the lifts, and do a few turns at the local resort or on vacation a few times a year. When it comes to skis, the goal is to discover boards that make the experience more enjoyable so you can enjoy those precious days on the hill. You’ve come to the right place, recreational skier. Thanks to new ski forms and technological advances, skiing has never been simpler. If you haven’t skied in a while, you’ll notice that today’s skis are shorter and have more aggressive sidecuts (the difference in width between the tip and waist of the ski), making them much simpler to spin. Although recreational skis are designed primarily for groomed lines, you may challenge yourself and learn to ski bumps, trees, and even snow on a decent set of recreational skis. Additionally, rentals and demonstrations have increased, making it simpler for you to check out high-quality equipment at the resort and create a more informed decision about which ski is best for you.

Skiing in a freestyle manner

Aerials and moguls were the two disciplines that made up freestyle skiing in the beginning. Skicross, halfpipe, and slopestyle are now included in freestyle skiing. Freeskiing is an Olympic sport that combines street skating, BMX riding, and inline skating elements.

Currently, there are two primary branches of freestyle skiing: one that includes conventional events like moguls and aerials, and another that includes events like halfpipe, big air, slopestyle, and large mountain or freeskiing. New school skiing has evolved to the point that new ski companies have emerged, specializing in twin-tip skis, which are built for landing “fakie” or “switch” (backward) on jumps and rails.